Eis alguns artigos validando as capacidades psíquicas de Sean Harribance:
a) The Neuropsychiatry of Paranormal Experiences. Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences
13:515-524, November 2001, de Michael A. Persinger. Artigo disponível em http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?Volume=13&page=515&journalID=62
Nesse artigo foi utilizado duplo cego e estudou-se o que acontecia no seu cérebro enquanto fornecia as leituras psíquicas (o que seria impossível no tempo de Piper). Um trecho:In one study we asked 3 different people to supply 10 photographs, each, of single individuals of their family. Mr. Harribance generated narratives while holding each of these pictures, face down. The narratives were then typed and given to the person who supplied the pictures. Under double-blind conditions, the person read each narrative and indicated who he or she thought it might be. Whereas chance expectancy would be 1 out of 10, the participants accurately identified between 6 and 8 of the 10 narratives as the specific people.
Obs: nesse artigo também se valida a paranormalidade de Ingo Swann.
b) Neurobehavioral and Neurometabolic (SPECT) Correlates of Paranormal Information: Involvement of the Right Hemisphere and its Sensitivity to Weak Complex Magnetic Fields. International Journal of Neuroscience
, Vol 112, No. 2, Feb. 2002, pp. 197-224. Dr. Roll, Dr. Persinger, Dr. Webster, Tiller, Cook.
Nesse artigo é dito:Durante a sua carreira ele [Harribance] foi testado numerosas vezes em sua “capacidade psi”. A maioria das provas pedia que ele identificasse objetos ou símbolos que estavam escondidos. Seu desempenho permaneceu notavelmente acima da probabilidade pelo acaso. Um dos primeiros estudos eletroencefalográficos com este sujeito (Morris et al., 1972) ocorreu enquanto ele adivinhava o sexo da pessoa em fotografias escondidas em envelopes opacos: uma correlação positiva foi achada entre a proporção da atividade alfa sobre a sua região occipital e a proporção das escolhas corretas. [...] Projetamos um estudo neuropsicológico para o psíquico Lalsingh (“Sean”) Harribance [...] sob condições experimentais. Ele é considerado um dos mais confiáveis e precisos indivíduos para acessar informação sobre outros e objetos por mecanismos ainda não conhecidos. Sua exatidão, como julgada tanto por clientes como pelos resultados experimentais (Klein, 1972; Morris, 1972; Roll, 1966, 1972, 1975; Roll & Klein, 1972; Stanford. 1975; Stump et al., 1970), foi suficiente para manter sua renda e nutrir a formação de fundações e institutos.[...] No presente estudo, a especificidade do sujeito de detalhes sobre os indivíduos nas fotografias que ele tinha mas não via foi significativamente correlacionada com a proporção de ondas alfa entre os lobos occipitais, no momento das declarações.
Obs: Note que desde 1966 já havia estudos positivos com Harribance, com cientistas independentes. E ele nunca foi pego em fraude.
c) The Harribance effect as pervasive out‐of‐body experience. NeuroQuantology
, December 2010, Vol 8, Issue 4, pag. 444‐465. Persinger M.
Nesse artigo é dito:Para as narrativas que foram concluídas quando a fotografia estava dentro dos envelopes dois dos sujeitos selecionaram a pessoa correta em 8 das 10 fotografias e um sujeito selecionou com precisão 6 das 10 fotografias baseado exclusivamente nas narrativas de SH, sem saber qual narrativa estava associada com qual fotografia. Essas narrativas foram baseadas nas experiências de SH, quando ele tocou os envelopes contendo as fotografias que ele não viu. [...] Ele foi monitorado por um experimentador para garantir que os seus olhos estavam fechados. [...] Os sujeitos que combinaram as fotografias com as narrativas de SH, quando ele segurou e inspecionou visualmente a fotografia, combinaram corretamente a narrativa e a fotografia entre 4 e 6 dos 10 casos. Em outras palavras, sua precisão foi maior quando seus olhos estavam fechados e ele subjetivamente “entrava na foto” enquanto sentia o envelope contendo a foto.
Embora em um teste SH tenha se saído melhor que no outro, em ambos ele conseguiu resultados bem acima do esperado pelo acaso. São dois testes em que SH passou, e ele se saiu melhor no teste que em tese seria mais difícil, em que estava de olhos fechados.
d) Cerebral Dynamics and Discrete Energy Changes in the Personal Physical Environment During Intuitive-Like States and Perceptions. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research
(December 2010), Vol. 1, Issue 9, pp. 1179-1197.Hunter, M.D., Mulligan, B.P., Dotta, B. T., Saroka, K. S., Lavallee, C. F., Koren, S. A., & Persinger, M. A.
Nesse artigo é dito: We tested an exceptional subject, Sean Harribance, who displayed a reliable, consistent configuration of QEEG activity over this region that was confirmed through source localization software. The blind-rated accuracies of the histories of 40 people shown in 40 different photographs were strongly correlated with the quantitative occurrence of this conspicuous QEEG pattern displayed during Mr. Harribance‟s “intuitive state”. [...] We suggest that the unique organization of Sean Harribance‟s brain has allowed apparent access to information from others‟ memories. His accuracy has been sufficient to maintain his employment and be accessed by multiple private and government agencies. Quantitative EEG analyses indicated a fixed pattern of reliable increases in power over portions of the right hemisphere. The total numbers and durations of this configuration were significantly correlated with rated accuracies of information of people within photographs.
Para uma lista mais completa dos artigos sobre Harribance, pode-se acessar o site: http://www.seanharribance.com/scientific-reports/
Coloquei apenas os artigos que saíram mais recentemente, a maioria em revistas de Neurociência. Foi usado duplo-cego em diversos experimentos. Abaixo vou colocar um artigo bem mais antigo e que também validou as habilidades de Harribance, publicado numa revista parapsicológica.EEG Patterns and ESP Results in Forced-Choice Experiments with Lalsingh Harribance. Proceedings of the Parapsychological Association, No. 8, 1971, PP 71-72 , de R. L. Morris, W. G. Roll, J. Klein e G. Wheeler. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research July 1972, Volume 66, No.3, PP 253-263
ABSTRACT: These studies examine the EEG patterns of Lalsingh Harribance recorded while he was taking ESP tests at which he had previously demonstrated ability. In the first study his task was to guess the sex of persons shown in concealed photographs. A total of 105 runs was carried out, with 668 hits where 525 was expected by chance (CR = 8.83, P<10-12). High-scoring runs (scores of 8, 9, and 10) showed more percent-time alpha than chance-scoring runs (scores of 4, 5, and 6), P<. 05. A comparison of percent-time alpha just prior to the run with percent-time alpha during the run showed that high-scoring runs produced less of a tendency to decrease percent-time alpha from pre-run to run than did chance-scoring runs (P<. 03).
A second study with the same sensitive involved fifty down-through runs with standard ESP cards. Overall results were significant (CR = 4.88, P<. 001). High scoring runs (scores of 10 or more) showed more percent-time alpha than chance-scoring runs (scores of 4, 5 and 6), P<. 005. However, pre-run to run shift in percent-time alpha was unrelated to ESP scores in this study.
The procedure was similar to that used in the earlier report by Roll and Klein, which contains a detailed floor plan of the rooms and equipment used in these studies (19, p. 105). Judith Klein (J.K.) sat at a round table in the middle of a room (Room 2) which adjoined L.H.’s room (Room 1), but which did not share an entrance or window with it. To start, J.K. hand-shuffled a deck of ten cards six times. Five of these cards had pictures of males pasted on them and five had pictures of females. Upon completion of the shuffle, she rapped once lightly on the table. This signaled the EEG operator, either Geoffrey Wheeler or Robert Morris (R.M.), to rap once on L.H.’s wall while marking the EEG record at the same time, thereby indicating the start of the run. J.K. then placed the ten cards face down one at a time on top of a blanket on the table, moving from left to right. L.H., upon hearing the signal, wrote ten calls on a record sheet which had spaces corresponding to the ten target cards. He used a vertical line to indicate his impression that a given card had a photograph of a male and a horizontal line to indicate a female photograph. L.H. therefore started his guesses at the same time that J.K. started placing the cards, and he would generally finish shortly after she was finished placing them. He was asked to make the order of his guesses correspond to the order in which they were placed; e.g., his first guess was for the far left card.
When L.H. was done, he flipped a switch which blinked a light next to the EEG operator, who then marked the end of the run on the EEG record. Following this, J.K. turned the cards over and recorded the number of each card in sequence. Cards 1, 2, 7, 8 and 9 were female; the others were male.
After a brief interval, J.K. collected the cards and repeated the procedure. A session consisted of ten runs. After completion of the ten runs, L.H. could signal his desire to do a second session by blinking the light twice. On three occasions we ran two sessions in one day; on three other occasions there was one session a day and on the last day we had our regular session and added five runs to make a total of 105 runs.
L.H.’s overall scoring rate in Series 10 is the highest, to the knowledge of the authors, that anyone has produced during EEG recording. The conditions appeared well-controlled. L.H. was unable to make any sizeable body movement, such as leaving his chair or even leaning far forward, without producing an obvious neuromuscular artifact on the EEG record. Sensory cues were very unlikely. The photos were placed face down on a soft blanket in another room in such a way that even the EEG operator, in the same room as the cards, had difficulty in knowing when J.K. had finished placing the photos. The EEG machine itself made a loud hum. The wall separating the two rooms had formerly been an outside wall, and was thick. There were no openings from room to room save for the small opening through which the EEG leads ran, which was densely packed with rags. The door to L.H.’s room had been closed by the experimenter, and did not open into the room occupied by the experimenter. L.H. was signaled to begin the run, as noted earlier, by one rap given by the EEG operator before the cards had been placed down by J.K. Transfer of information through the signaling process therefore seems unlikely. No one knew the results until the end of the study, as neither person who was in possession of the duplicate records of cards and calls knew the code that was needed for scoring. Checks on the consecutive positions of each card from one run to the next revealed no tendencies toward sequential interdependence in the target order. L.H. therefore could not have obtained his high score by repeating calls from one run to the next.
Notem que acima são citados 2 estudos, em que SH conseguiu resultados bem acima do esperado pelo acaso em ambos.
Enfim, creio ter satisfeito as exigências do Agnóstico. Apresentei estudos duplo-cegos publicados em revistas de neurociência com ferramentas mais modernas, mostrei que há replicação independente e o sujeito ainda está vivo, jamais tendo sido pego em fraude em décadas de pesquisa. Não creio ter deixado nenhuma exigência do Agnóstico de fora. E se ele quiser replicação com outros sujeitos, poderia citar Ingo Swann, que também está vivo e passou em testes com pesquisadores independentes, com tecnologias mais modernas também. Igualmente nunca foi pego em fraude.